Polyester is a generalised term for any fabric or textile which is made by using Taffeta Dupion, Satin Taffeta, Taffeta Butta. It is a term of polymers which contain the ester functional group in their main chain. As a specific material it can also be called as polyethylene terephthalate (PET). Depending on the chemical structure, polyester can be a thermoplastic or thermoset. However, the most common polyesters are thermoplastics
Polyester fibers are produced from a chemical reaction between an acid and alcohol. In this reaction, two or more molecules are combined to make a large molecule whose structure repeats throughout its procedure. Polyester fibers can form very ion molecules that are very stable and strong.
Polyesters have several advantages over traditional fabrics such as cotton. They do not absorb moisture, but absorb the oil. This quality makes polyester the perfect fabric for the application of water, soil, and fire-resistant finishes. The fabric is easily dyeable, and not damaged by mildew. Polyester is used in the manufacturing of many products, including clothing, home furnishings, industrial fabrics, computer and recording tapes and electrical insulation.
Aneri Creations is manufacturing Nylon Fabric by means of Organza. The lustre of the fibre can be modified by adding the delustering agent at the molten stage. Nylon is quite suitable for tights and knitted fabrics because of its smoothness, light weight and high strength. Nylon is made when an appropriate monomers (the chemical building blocks which make up polymers) are combined to form a long chain through a condensation polymerisation reaction.
The monomers for nylon 6-6 are adipic acid and hexamethylenediamine. The two molecules are combined to create the polymer and water is produced then. The water is removed from the production process as its continued presence stops the creation of more polymer. The polymer chain can be made up of over 20,000 monomer units, connected together via an amide group, which contains a nitrogen atom. The polymer has to be warmed and drawn out to form strong fibres.
Hence it can be said that most of the nylon is made into fibres for clothing, ropes and for reinforcing tyres. Nylon is a strong synthetic fibre which resists abrasion. They do not shrink or stretch through washing, but are degraded by ultraviolet light.
Natural fabrics are those fibres which are produced by Cotton, viscose, Linen, Bamboo, Modal fabric. They can be used as a component of composite materials where orientation of fabrics impacts the properties. They can also be matted into sheets to make products such as paper, fabric and many more.
Natural fabrics can be spun into filaments, thread or rope and further be woven, knitted, matted or bound. It is an emerging material that has great potential to be used in engineering applications. Natural fibre composites are used in many industries such as automotive, building, furniture, marine and aerospace industries. Although the manufacture of natural fibre composites are very limited. The methods which we used to produce components from natural fibre composites include hand lay-up, compression moulding, filament winding, injection moulding, resin transfer moulding, pultrusion and vacuum bag moulding.
The advantages of natural fibre composites are low cost, renewable, abundance, light weight, less abrasive and are suitable to be used in semi or non-structural engineering components. They are good sweat absorbents and can be found in a variety of textures. Natural fibers can be used for high-tech applications, such as composite parts of an automobile.
Aneri Creations is manufacturing Blended fabrics by using Poly-Cotton, Poly-Viscose, Poly-Nylon, Fancy Fabric. Blended fabrics are the combination of natural as well as synthetic fibre and are produced when two or more different kinds of fibres are mixed together to create a new fabric with a unique property. Blended fabrics have been developed to cater to the specific needs, combining the traits of the different fibres to achieve a desired outcome.
Polyester and cotton is one of the most common blended fabrics which combines the properties of natural and synthetic fibres. As we know well that the main source of natural fibres are plants and animals and require only manual separation and recombining for the fibres to be use-able. Synthetics are scientifically developed from chemicals such as petroleum and require heavy processing to create the fibres.
Cotton is breathable, light and soft, making it very comfortable to wear as clothing against the skin. However, it can also wrinkle or shrink when washed. Polyester is strong, and doesn't wrinkle or shrink and holds colours well. Blending these two fabrics creates a material that is comfortable, resistant to wrinkles and holds its shape and colour as well. Some of the other popular blended fabrics are elastane and cotton, wool and polyester, linen and silk.